New Activity

So far we have only dealt with single activity apps but now we are going to build apps with multiple activities and that’s where intent comes into play.

What is an Intent?

The official docs define intent as “An Intent is a messaging object you can use to request an action from another app component.”. Essentially it means “an action” or intent to do stuff. You can use intents to launch another activity, to broadcast intent to background receivers (we will cover these later) and to communicate with background services.

Types of Intents

There are two types of intents.

  1. Explicit Intent

As the name suggests, explicit intent means you specify the component to start by name.

  1. Implicit Intent

Implicit intent means that you do not specify what component to use but just specify the action.

 

How to declare an Intent

The code below declares an intent to open another activity

Intent intent = new Intent(this, Target.class);

As you can see since it specifies the component to start (Target.class)it is an explicit intent to start another activity.

this refers to current activity.

Target is class name or activity name that you want to run or start.

Once declared, you can pass the intent to android as shown below.

startActivity(intent);

 

Declare an Implicit Intent

The example below will dial the number stored in number variable.

Intent callintent = new Intent (Intent.ACTION_DIAL, number);

 

Example

Let’s now build an app that launches another activity. You can continue with previous app we built or start a new blank empty project.

Add a simple text and button to your app as shown below.

Add a new Activity

There are many ways to add another activity to your app. Simplest is to just right click on your java folder in app structure and go to NEW> Activity>Empty Activity as shown below

New Activity

This will open up a wizard similar to below.

New Activity Wizard

Change the names if you wish to or just leave them as they are and now you should have two activities in your project structure.

 

Activities

 

Add a simple text to new activity

Declare and link your button in mainactivity.

Write an onclicklistener in mainactivity.

Now let’s declare and start our intent.

 

That’s it.

Let’s test our app.

GIF

 

Voila!

Now there is lots more to intents and we will cover those later.

Let me know any concerns via comments below.

 

Source and more reading

https://developer.android.com/guide/components/intents-filters.html

https://developer.android.com/training/basics/firstapp/starting-activity.html

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